THE KARAITE ISRAEL MOSQUE OF ASCENSION
AND THE TEMPLE OF KEDAR MINISTRIES
(The Original Kedar-Rite of the Karaim)
HIZR ORUCU = THE FAST OF AL- KHIDR
THE FAST OF AL-KHIDR
The Fast of Al-Khidr known as Hizr Orucu is a three day Fast which in accordance with the tradition maintained by the Alevis begins on the second Tuesday of the 12th month of Adar(February).The Fast is observed from Sunrise to Sunset which is equated from 6AM to 6 PM. However throughout the entire three days including the Non-Fasting hours (6PM -6AM) the drinking of water is forbidden. However during the Non-Fasting hours it is permissible to drink other liquids such as Juices, Milk etc.
On the fast of Al-Khidr(Hizr Orucu) Israelites dress in Green in honor of Al-Khidr who is known as the "Green One" meaning the one who restores the Garden of Paradise(Jannah).
Surah 18:31 of the Holy Koran is recited in reference to the believers receiving Green Robes in Paradise(Jannah)
THE FOLLOWING AYAT IS RECITED UPON DRESSING IN GREEN
. These it is for whom are gardens of perpetuity beneath which rivers flow, ornaments shall be given to them therein of bracelets of gold, and they shall wear GREEN ROBES...
* NOTE: Fasting is not permissible until one reaches the age of Baligh(Puberty) which is 15 years of age. Between the age of 15 and legal adulthood one should receive parental permission for fasting. Anyone who has health concerns or risks should consult a physician before attempting to fast.
AL-KHIDR THE HIDDEN HERO WHO SAVED THE PEOPLE OF JUDAH FROM EXTERMINATION:
The Book of Esther informs us of a plot to exterminate the People of Judah. The culprit was a Persian government official named Memucan who is also known as Haman. It was on the 13th of Nisan(March) that Haman deceived the King of Persia into signing a decree for the annihilation and extermination of the Jews which was to take place on the 13th day of the 12th month of Adar(February).
Then on the thirteenth day of the first month(Nissan) the royal secretaries were summoned. They wrote out in the script of each province and in the language of each people all Haman's orders to the king's satraps, the governors of the various provinces and the nobles of the various peoples. These were written in the name of King Xerxes himself and sealed with his own ring. Dispatches were sent by couriers to all the king's provinces with the order to destroy, kill and annihilate all the Jews--young and old, women and children--on a single day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, the month of Adar, and to plunder their goods.
In response Esther declared a three day Fast which permanently eliminated the command to eat the Passover Lamb. Originally the Fast decreed by Esther was observed on the 14th, 15th and 16th of Nisan(March).This Fast was immediately implemented the day after Mordechai was informed of Haman’s letter of annihilation which was dated and sealed by the King on the 13th of Nisan.
The elimination of the traditional Passover Lamb now paved the way for a New Passover Lamb which would later emerge in the martyrdom of Imam Hossein who was killed on Ashura. Ashura which is numerically remembered as the 10th day of the 1st month. In accordance with Levitical Law it is the day in which the Passover Lamb was to be selected.
QUEEN ESTHER SAVES THE PEOPLE OF JUDAH
At a royal dinner engagement Queen Esther informed the Persian King Ahaserus about the wicked and conspiratorial plans of Haman which deceivingly manipulated and undermined the authority of the King.
THE KING OF PERSIA MEETS AL-KHIDR IN THE GARDEN
In disgust the King departed and headed towards the Palace Garden. The Garden is an esoteric reference to Al-Khidr who as the "Green Man " is associated with the restoration of the Garden. In fact the Prophet Muhammad once stated that Al-Khidr sat on barren land and it immediately became Green with vegetation.
When the Persian King returned from the Garden and his meeting with Al-Khidr it proved to be a crucial turning point as the King issued a decree to have Haman killed on the very gallows of which he planned to kill Queen Esther's Uncle Mordechai. In wisdom Al-Khidr emerged in his own unique role as a last minute savior and thus he instructed and guided the Persian King concerning the salvation of the Jews and reversing the decree of death which now fell upon Haman and his allies. Therefore instead of death and destruction the 13th day of the 12th month of Adar(February)now became a day of salvation.
In this regard the original three day Fast of Esther which was observed on the 14th, 15th and 16th of Nisan(March) shifted to the three day Fast of Al-Khidr which was is observed annually in the month of Adar(February). Therefore the days are also referred to as the Fast of Esther.
Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;)
THE BOOK OF ESTHER CHAPTER 7
So the king and Haman came to banquet with Esther the queen.
2 And the king said again unto Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine, What is thy petition, queen Esther? and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy request? and it shall be performed, even to the half of the kingdom.
3 Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request:
4 For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage.
5 Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he, and where is he, that durst presume in his heart to do so?
6 And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.
7 And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath went into the PALACE GARDEN: and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king.
8 Then the king returned out of the PALACE GARDEN into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was. Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the word went out of king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.
9 And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him thereon.
10 So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was the king's wrath pacified.
Note: Queen Esther's original three day Fast which was observed on the 14th, 15th and 16th of Nisan(March) permanently eliminated the obligation to physically eat the Passover Lamb. The Passover Lamb would later be restored through the martyrdom of Hossein the Son of Ali and grandson of the Prophet Muhammad.