KARAITE ISRAELITE MOSQUE OF ASCENSION
AND THE TEMPLE OF KEDAR MINISTRIES
(The Original Kedar-Rite of the Karaim)
QARAY- KARAITES قريظة
THE MURJITES OR MURJIAHالمرجئون
(ABU HANIFA WAS A MURJITE-KARAITE)
The name Murjiah is derived from the etymological root of Irja meaning to postpone. In this regard the Murjiah were those who accepted Ali as the rightful inheritor of the Caliphate but believed that his appointment had been postponed due to the fact that at the time of the Prophet Muhammad's passing he had not yet reached the Koranc age of maturity which is 40.
And We have enjoined on man doing of good to his parents; with trouble did his mother bear him and with trouble did she bring him forth; and the bearing of him and the weaning of him was thirty months; until when he ATTAINS HIS MATURITY AND REACHES FORTY YEARS.
The Prophet Muhammad was 40 years old when he first received the call to Prophethood. This was in accordance with the Koranic age of maturity. As mentioned above when the Prophet Muhammad had passed away Ali was not yet 40. In fact Ali was approximately 30 and did not reach forty until 6 years into the reign of Caliph Omar. Since it would not be proper to ask a Caliph to step down Omar rightfully stayed in office as Caliph until his assassination in 644. At this time Ali was now approximately 44 years old and was by rightful inheritance and Koranic Maturity ready to take his divinely ordained role as Caliph.
In regards to the above mentioned the designated Koranic period of postponement came to an end. However in opposition to divine appointment, Uthman became the successor to Omar. This rebellion in preventing Ali from his inheritance was followed by Muwaiya and the Sufyani Caliphs. Therefore the Murijites recognize the Caliphates of both Abu Bakr and Omar, while rejecting that of Uthman, Muwaiya and the other Sufyanis.
Abu Hanifa was a Murijite and in terms of theology the Murijites developed a very tolerant methodology in regards to judgment. This ideology or temperament was reflected in the Hanafi Madhab (School). Abu Hanifa was also counted among the Qurra or Karaites meaning the entrusted Readers or Reciters. He was known to have read the Koran over 7,000 times.
THE QAEM IN THE KORAN: THE TRANSLATION OF:
Sayyid Abul Makarim Hashim Bin Sulaymaan Al-Baharaani
Sayyid Mohsen Al-Husaini Al-Milani
Shiabooks.ca Miami, Florida 2006
Page 73: Footnotes:
Murjiah are divided into four groups: " ... The Maaseriyyah who are the followers of Amir Bin Qays Bin Maaser and known as the Murjah of Iraq (Abu Hanifa is one of the followers of this sect.)
Therefore Abu Hanifa was a Murijite-Karaite. Among his most prominent students was a man named Anan Ben David. Many Jews began to follow the teachings principles, rituals and customs of Anan and as a result they began to rebel against the Rabbis. However they stubbornly refused to accept Jesus and Muhammad as Prophets and became known as Jewish Karaites as opposed to the Murijite Karaites.
The Murijite Karaites of Anan Ben David were also known as Qaray Karaites The name Qaray refers to the Kohen Priesthood Tribe of Kedar (Arabia) known as Banu Qarayza. The descendants of Qarayza Priests who followed the example of Abdallah Ibn Salaam in accepting the Prophet Muhammad became the designated Priests and teachers of the Kedar-Rite. Therefore the Original Kedar-Rite refers to the practices and teachings of the Qaray Karaites. In Turkish speaking areas the Qaray Karaites became known as Qaraylar or Karaylar Karaites. Lar is a suffix added to indicate plurality.
In summary Qaray-Karaites follow the Hanafi Madhab of Abu Hanifa which is a School of the Murjiah or Murjites.
The fact the Ali swore allegiance to Abu Bakr verifies the Murjite position that he fully accepted Abu Bakr and Omar as Caliphs as they were appointed during the time in which Ali had not yet reached the Koranic age of maturity(40 years). The latter he fought at the Battle of Siffin. He clearly expressed opposition to Uthman and Muwaiya who were both appointed after Ali had turned 40 Years.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (3998) and Muslim (1759).
SAHEEH MUSLIM VOLUME 5 BOOK 32(BOOK OF THE HOLY STRUGGLE) CHAPTER 16 - 1759
According to another version narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh:
Then ‘Ali stood up and spoke highly of Abu Bakr, and he mentioned his virtue and the fact that he had been one of the first to enter Islam. Then he went to Abu Bakr and swore allegiance to him, and the people came to ‘Ali and said: You have done the right thing, you have done well. And the people became close to ‘Ali when he did the right thing.