THE KARAITE ISRAEL MOSQUE OF ASCENSION
AND THE TEMPLE OF KEDAR MINISTRIES
(The Original Kedar-Rite of the Karaim)
THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD STOOD AGAINST POLYGYNY:
In the highest example of the Sunnah, the Prophet Muhammad stood against polygyny. He was very clear in refusing to allow Ali to take other wives besides his daughter Fatimah.
Volume 7, Book 62, Number 157: ...
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama:
I heard Allah's Apostle who was on the pulpit, saying, "Banu Hisham bin Al-Mughira have requested me to allow them to marry their daughter to Ali bin Abu Talib, but I don't give permission, and will not give permission unless 'Ali bin Abi Talib divorces my daughter in order to marry their daughter, because Fatima is a part of my body, and I hate what she hates to see, and what hurts her, hurts me."
In fact his 25 year marriage to his first wife Khadijah was monogamous and he did not even begin to engage in polygyny until after the Hijra and his arrival in Medina. The promotion of polygyny during this unique time was encouraged strictly as a means of unifying Muslims and in particular the Ansars and the Muhajirs. This point was made clear in William Montgomery Watt's Muhammad at Medina in which he states that all of Muhammad's marriages had the political aspect of strengthening friendly relationships (Watt 1956 p.287). This strategy of using marriage and polygamy as a means to unify was a very important component in the earliest years immediately after the Hijra . The Koranic verse that permits polygyny is very limiting and only applied mercifully to adult orphans disadvantaged servants and widows who by circumstance would have had an extremely difficult time in being accepted for marriage. However this is no longer the case.
And if you fear that you cannot act equitably towards ORPHANS, then marry such women as seem good to you, two and three and four; but if you fear that you will not do justice (between them), then (marry) only one or what your right hands possess; this is more proper, that you may not deviate from the right course.
The common practice of Polygyny was only a temporary solution to problems that earliest converts to Islam faced. However the monogamous marriages between Muhammad and Khadijah and that of Ali and Fatimah are the true and highest examples of the Islamic marriage that all Muslims should be striving for.