KARAITE ISRAELITE MOSQUE OF ASCENSION
AND THE TEMPLE OF KEDAR MINISTRIES
(The Original Kedar-Rite of the Karaim)
QARAY - KARAITES قريظة
SUKKOT(FEAST OF TABERNACLES) - THE ORIGINAL 8 DAYS OF LIGHTING THE MENORAH
Every year Jews celebrate the Festival of Chanukkah in commemoration of the Maccabees cleansing of the Temple. The Festival is observed for 8 consecutive days. The symbol for Chanukkah is an 8 armed Menorah from which a candle is lit for each of the 8 days of the celebration. This special candelabrum has a unique 9th branch called a Shamash which is used for lighting the other 8 candles. The lighting of 8 candles is a ritual of remembering a supposed miracle in which a jug containing oil provisions for 1 day miraculously was used to light the Menorah for 8 days.
The Book of Maccabees does not record the supposed miracle of lighting the Menorah for 8 days with a jug of oil that only provided provisions for 1 day. Can one imagine an entire detailed account of Moses delivering the Israelites from Egyptian bondage without mentioning the parting of the sea?
However the Book of Maccabees does record the fact that Chanukkah was celebrated as the Feast of Tabernacles.
II Maccabees 1:9
And now see that ye keep the Feast of Tabernacles in the Month of Kislev.
II Maccabees 1: 18
Therefore where as we are now purposed to keep the purification of the Temple upon the Five and Twentieth Day of the Month of Kislev, we thought it necessary to certify you thereof, that ye also might keep it, AS THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES and of the FIRE ....
The Feast of Tabernacles also popularly known as Sukkot was an 8 day Festival which included 7 days of dwelling in Tents(Booths) and an 8th day of Assembly known as Shemini Atzeret.
The original lighting of the Menorah for 8 days was a practice associated with the Feast of Tabernacles and it was done in commemoration of the Illumination of Lights Ceremony which took place in the Temple during the 8 days of Sukkot.
Sukkah 52B - Talmud
And there was not a courtyard in Jerusalem that was not illuminated ...
Sukkah 53A - Talmud
It was so bright that a woman would be able to sort wheat by the Light of the Celebration ...
Therefore the 8 days of lighting the Menorah should be applied to the Feast of Tents(Ohel) with one candle being lit for each day of the Festival. Since it is known that Chanukkah was an unauthorized observance that altered the fixed dating of the Feast of Tabernacles it should not be observed in the manner of lighting candles for 8 days. The Feast of Tabernacles was a divinely mandated Holy Day observance which was implemented in fixed and set times.The decreed dating ranged from the 15th - 22nd of the 7th month of Tishrei.
Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.
The designated date for celebrating the Maccabees victory and the defeat of their arch enemy Nicanor was set for the 13th day of the 12th month of Adar which is the same date as Purim or Mordechai Day as it was also known:
MACCABEES II CHAPTER 15: 30-36
Then Judas(Maccabee), that man who was ever in body and soul the chief defender of his fellow citizens, and had maintained from youth his affection for his compatriots, ordered Nicanor’s head and right arm up to the shoulder to be cut off and taken to Jerusalem.
When he arrived there, he assembled his compatriots, stationed the priests before the altar, and sent for those in the citadel.*
He showed them the vile Nicanor’s head and the wretched blasphemer’s arm that had been boastfully stretched out against the holy dwelling of the Almighty.
He cut out the tongue of the godless Nicanor, saying he would feed it piecemeal to the birds and would hang up the other wages of his folly opposite the temple.
At this, everyone looked toward heaven and praised the Lord who manifests himself: “Blessed be the one who has preserved undefiled his own place!”
Judas hung Nicanor’s head and arm on the wall of the citadel, a clear and evident sign to all of the Lord’s help.f
By public vote it was unanimously decreed never to let this day pass unobserved, but to celebrate the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, called Adar in Aramaic, the eve of Mordecai’s Day.*