THE KARAITE ISRAEL MOSQUE OF ASCENSION
AND THE TEMPLE OF KEDAR MINISTRIES
(The Original Kedar-Rite of the Karaim)
8 DAILY PRAYERS
In accordance with the 7 heavens the number of prayers required each day is set at 7. The Book of Psalms(Zubair) records the fact that King David conformed to the 7 daily prayers.
Psalms 119:164(Old Testament)
' Seven times a day I praise thee because of thy righteous judgements.'
The 7 prayers also equate with the 7 positions of prayer and the 7 parts of the body that touch the ground during Salat(Prayer).
All prayers must begin with a ritual washing known as Wuhdu.The parts of the body which are required to be washed are as follows in accordance with the Holy Qaran.
Surah 5:6(Holy Koran)
' O you who believe! When you rise up to prayer,wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows and wipe your heads and your feet at the ankles.'
As in the case of prayers, the prayer washing ablution is performed in a cycle of seven thus washing each designated part of the body seven times. The Prophet Muhammad taught that an unclean item can only become ritually clean when it has been rinsed seven times. This process is called Tathir and obviously applies to Wuhdu. The seven daily prayers and the practice of Wuhdu as it relates to Tathir serves as a daily renewal and spiritual cleansing for Muslims.
The seven daily prayers which were sanctioned by the Prophet Muhammad and of which are confirmed in the Holy Koran equate with the purification of the Prophet Muhammad's House known as Tathir.
Tathir is defined as a purification process in which an item is cleansed by washing it 7 times.
This is the higher Sunnah which is the example of a more thorough purification.
' Allah only desires to keep uncleanliness away from you,O people of the House(Ahl Beyt)! and to purify you with a thorough purifying(TATHIR/7TIMES).
TATHIR - Purifying the impure. For example,washing seven(7) times with water and once with soil if touched by a dog. (A Concise Dictionary of Islamic Terms , compiled by M.A. Qazi, Kazi Publications)
Most Muslims perform 5 daily prayers in accordance with a Hadith of Bukhari in which he equates cleansing and purification with the number five(5)
' If there was a river at the door of anyone of you and he took a bath in it five(5) times a day, would you say there could remain any dirt on him?
They said, " Not a trace of dirt would be left ", the Prophet added, " That is the example of the five(5) prayers with which Allah annuls evil deeds." '
(The Life of the Last Prophet - Yusef Islam, Darussalam, Riyadh,Saudi Arabia 1996 pp 41. Bukhari reference pp.53.)- Sahih Bukhari Volume1 BK.10 #506 Times of the Prayer, Narrarated by Abu Huraira
As mentioned above, in the higher Sunnah of Al-Isra(Israel) there are 7 prayers in accordance with the purification of Tathir which is a more thorough purification.
The Law of Moses likewise associated cleansing or cleanliness with the number seven.
II Kings 5:14(O.T)
' Then he(Naaman) went down and dipped himself seven times in the Jordan according to the saying of the man of God and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child and he was clean.'
' And if a woman have an issue in her flesh be blood, she shall be put a part seven days and whoever toucheth her shall be unclean until the evening.'
A special eighth prayer known as the Midnight prayer or Tahajjud was offered by those who were truly and zealously dedicated to the Lord. King David performed all eight prayers as acknowledged in Psalm(Zubair) 119.
' At Midnight I will rise to give thanks unto thee because of thy righteous judgements.'
' Seven times a day do I praise thee because of thy righteous judgements.'
' And during part of the night, pray Tahajjud beyond what is
incumbent on you : Maybe your Lord will raise you to a position of great glory.'
PRAYER 1 = FALAQ 3AM - 6AM (SURAH 113)
PRAYER 2 = FAJR 6AM - 9AM (SURAH 89)
PRAYER 3 = ZOHA 9AM -12PM(SURAH 93)
PRAYER 4 = ASR 12PM - 3PM (SURAH 103)
PRAYER 5 = MAGHRIB 3PM - 6PM ( SURAH 91)
PRAYER 6 = ISHA 6PM - 9PM (SURAH 85)
PRAYER 7 = LAIL(WITR) 9PM - 12AM ( SURAH 92)
PRAYER 8 = TAHAJJUD 12AM - 3AM (SURAH 17:79
There are 7 prayer positions which are named in the following:
1. Qiyam - Standing
2. Takbitatul - Standing with open Palms faced outwards
3. Wad Aliyad(Ta'awuz) - Standing with right hands locked over forearm
4. Ruku - Standing with torso bowed facing the ground
5. Jelus- Sitting upward with knees on the ground.
6. Sejud - Complete prostration forehead contacted to the ground.
7. Jelus - Rising from Sejud and returning to Jelus position.
The Noon and Midnight Prayers are Standing Prayers.
All other prayers are performed in the manner of prostration with 3 Raka'at for each Salat.
* Women are not required to perform prostration prayers and are only required to perform the Noon Standing Prayer.
During Prostration prayers Takbir " Allahu Akbar " is recited 33 times. This is 11 times during each Raka'at.
In the 5th position of Jelus the following declaration is recited in transitioning from Jelus to Sejud. The recitation is repeated 3 times during each Raka'at. Upon saying "Alaha" the transition from Jelus to Sejud is set in motion and completed. Upon reciting the word Wahad the transition back from Sejud to Jelus is set in motion and completed.
"Sami Banu Israil Yahay Yahawwah Alaha Yahay Yahawwah Wahad."
Upon rising to complete the 1st and 2nd Raka'at the following is recited
Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah
Allah has heard all who praise Him.
Upon completing the 3td Raka'at and while still in the 7th position of Jelus and just prior to rising the following is recited twice. The first time by looking to the right and secondly by looking to the left.
Asalaamu Aleikum Wa Rahmatullah
Peace Be Upon You and Allah's Blessings
The following is recited upon completion of a prayer
He causes the night to enter in upon the day and causes the day to enter in upon the night, and he is cognizant of what is in the hearts.
Yuulijul-layla fin nahaari wa yuulijun Nahaara -fil Layl wa Huwa Aliimum bi Zaatis - Suduur