THE KARAITE ISRAEL MOSQUE OF ASCENSION
AND THE TEMPLE OF KEDAR MINISTRIES
(The Original Kedar-Rite of the Karaim)
THE ISRAELITE HOLY DAYS IN THE SEVENTH FALL MONTH OF TASHRITU
1. ROSH HASHANNAH (YOM TERUAH) AUGUST 31ST(1ST OF TASHRITU)
Rosh HaShannah is the Israelite New Year and it is observed on the 1st day of the 7th month of Tashritu. Accordingly Tashritu means the Beginning. It should not be confused with Rosh Chodeshim which is the beginning of the numeric cycle of months.(1st of Nissanu) It is also known as Yom Teruah meaning the Day of blasting the Trumpets. In this regard it is a sounding alarm for Judgment Day. On Rosh HaShannah the Shofar is blown 7 times in introducing the 7th month of Tashritu. Rosh HaShannah is counted among the Festival Sabbaths. However during the exile and under gentile authority the Israelites are forbidden to enforce the Sabbaths of Rest. Therefore in place of the Sabbath rest requirement one can Fast from 6AM - 6PM. However this is not a Fard(obligatory) practice and most will observe Rosh HaShannah with a festive meal. The most important aspect of Rosh Hashannah is the Blowing of the Shofar
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.
After the blowing the Shofar the Tashlikh reading of Micah 7:18-20 is recited.
Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy. He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea. Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old.
2. YOM KIPPUR - SEPTEMBER 9TH(10TH OF TASHRITU)
Yom Kippur is a Day of Atonement and is observed with a 24 hour Fast which begins at Midnight on the 10th of Tashritu(September 9th) and concludes at Midnight on the 11th of Tashritu(September 10th).
And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,
Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord
3. THE FESTIVAL OF TENTS - SEPTEMBER 14TH - 21ST(15TH-22ND OF TASHRITU). THE FESTIVAL OF THE FALL EQUINOX
The Festival of Tents is observed in remembrance of the fact that the Lord caused the Israelites to dwell in Tents(Booths) when He brought them out of Egypt.
NOTE: THE WORD BOOTH(SUCCOTH) WAS INTRODUCED BY THE SAMARITANS WHO WORSHIPED SUCCOTH BENOTH. THE CORRECT WORD IS OHEL WHICH TRANSLATES AS TENTS OR TABERNACLES. THIS CORRECTLY APPEARS IN THE BOOK OF HOSEA:
And I that am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt will yet make thee to dwell in tabernacles, as in the days of the solemn feast.
Ye shall dwell in Tents seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in Tents:That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in Tents, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.
According to the Chumash the 15th and 22nd of Tashritu are honored as Festival Sabbath Days. However in the Exile Israelites are forbidden to enforce Sabbath Rest days
Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.
On the evening of the 14th of Tashritu(September 13th) the Israelites erect their Tents. The Tents must be erected between 6PM and Midnight.On the Each day starting on the 15th of Tashritu through the 21st, the Israelites must enter the Tent and recite the following.
And ye shall keep it a feast unto the Lord seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month. Ye shall dwell in Tents seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in Tents: That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in Tents,when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God. And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the Lord.
On the first day of the Festival which is the 15th of Tashritu (September 14th) 7 branches of trees are collected and brought into the Tent each day. The 7 branches are a reminder of the 7 heavens
On the 7th day of the Festival between 6PM and Midnight,the Tents must be fully dismantled.
SHEMINI ATZERET - This is the conclusive 8th day being the 22nd day of the 7th month of Tashritu. It was initially honored as a Festival Sabbath. However in the exile and under the authority of the gentiles,the Israelites are not permitted to enforce Sabbath Rest Days.
Since the 7 days of Tents symbolized the Israelite dwelling in the wilderness the 8 day which is Shemini Atzeret celebrates the authority bestowed upon the Prophet Joshua in bringing the Israelites out of the wilderness and into their land of inheritance. On Shemini Atzeret the first Chapter of Joshua is recited.
JOSHUA CHAPTER ONE
4. SUJUD سُجود
- SEPTEMBER 16TH(17TH of TASHRITU) - NOVEMBER 3RD(5TH of KISLIMU) Counting of 49 Days
SUJUD سُجود means Prostration and is the root of the word Masjid or Mosque meaning the place where Prostration prayers take place. Prostration Prayers were always very important to the Children of Israel. In this regard the Holy Quran references and verifies the following description of the Israelites in the Original Torah:
you will see them bowing down, prostrating themselves, seeking grace from Allah and pleasure; their marks are in their faces because of the effect of prostration; that is their description in the Taurat(Torah)
Jesus Christ also maintained the practice of Prostration Prayers as indicated in the following account:
And he(Jesus) went a little further, and FELL ON HIS FACE AND PRAYED Saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.
Although it may not be possible to maintain prostration prayers the observance of SUJUD replaces that requirement.
SUJUD سُجود is a counting of 7 Weeks(49 days) which parallels with the practice of Shavout. Every 7 days the Israelites gather together for SUJUD and recite Surah 48:29 and Matthew 26:39 as mentioned above.
Below are the dates for the SUJUD gathering:
1. SEPTEMBER 22( 23RD OF TASHRITU)
2. SEPTEMBER 29 ( 30TH OF TASHRITU)
3.OCTOBBER 6TH( 7TH OF VARAHSHAMNU)
4. OCTOBER 13TH (14TH OF VARAHSHAMNU)
5. OCTOBER 20TH(21ST OF VARAHSHAMNU)
6. OCTOBER 27TH (28TH OF VARAHSHAMNU)
7 NOVEMBER 3RD (5TH OF KISILIMU)
The Ethiopian Jews known as Falashas or Beta Israel maintain a 7TH MONTH observance of SIGD which is the Amharic linguistic variant to the Arabic SUJUD. In addition they call their House of Prayer a MISGAD which is a MASJID or MOSQUE.
5. THE 50TH DAY OF SUJUD IS THE 6TH DAY OF THE 9TH MONTH OF KISILIMU WHICH CORRESPONDS TO NOVEMBER 4TH.
Every 7 days for 7 weeks Israelites would gather together and perform a special Prostration Prayer and on the 50th day a Black Mark representing the soil of creation was smeared on the forehead of all Israelites. Other customs include the donning of the Black Sujud block known as Moka'abet Katan or Tefillin Katan which is worn throughout the day.
And certainly We created man of clay that gives forth sound, of black mud fashioned in shape.