THE KARAITE ISRAEL MOSQUE OF ASCENSION
AND THE TEMPLE OF KEDAR MINISTRIES
(The Original Kedar-Rite of the Karaim)
THE EIGHT LUNAR HOLY DAYS
1. THE NEW YEAR - (Ras As-Sanah Al-Hijriyah)
The Lunar New Year on the Synodic Purification Calendar is dated on the First day of the First Month of Muharram. It is the New Year or New Beginning of the Hijra marking the day in which the Prophet Muhammad fled from the violent resisters of Mecca and found refuge in Medina among those who would become known as the Ansars. The first Israelite to accept the Prophet Muhammad upon entering Medina was a descendant of the Prophet Joseph named Hossein Ibn Salaam. The Prophet Muhammad later changed his name to Abdallah Ibn Salaam. Abdallah Ibn Salaam was the wisest teacher of the Torah in all of Medina. By accepting the Prophet Muhammad he not only paved the way for Israelite restoration but fulfilled the role of the long awaited Moshiach Ben Yosef.
Immediately upon completion of the New Moon purification Fast the Islamic Israelites begin a festive celebration honoring the New Year and commemorating the Hijra. The teachings for the day revolve largely around the meeting between the Prophet Muhammad and Abdallah Ibn Salaam and its significance for Israelite restoration.
2. THE LUNAR ASHURA
The Lunar Ashurah is that which the Israelites observed in the exile at a time when they no longer observed the Solar Calendar of Enoch which tracked seasonal based Israelite Holy Days. Ashura is the Day of the Lamb meaning the day in which the Israelites were to select a Passover Lamb. In the exile the observance of Ashura was no longer attached to the 7 day Spring Seasonal Festival of the Equinox also known as the Festival of Bread but was strictly a commemorative observance in which the Israelites fasted in memory of their freedom from bondage and departure from Egypt. When the Prophet Muhammad arrived in Medina he witnessed the Israelites fasting on Ashura. He asked them as to the reason why they Fast on Ashura and they responded by declaring that it was a commemoration of the Israelites liberation from Egypt. In honor and respect of the Prophet Moses, The Prophet Muhammad immediately declared it to be a Fast incumbent upon all Muslims.
The Lunar Ashura is the day in which the suffering of Imam Hossein is remembered. Therefore on the 10th of Muharram the Israelites fast in memory of the suffering of the Passover Lamb(Imam Hossein) who was among the 72 martyrs at Karbala. The Lunar Ashura is the bridge to the Solar Ashura which now recognizes Imam Hossein as the Passover Lamb. Therefore the Lunar Ashura commemorates the martyrdom and suffering of Imam Hossein while the Solar Ashura celebrates his role as the Passover lamb which is the freedom and restoration of Israel.
Al-Isra is observed on the 27th day of the 7th month of Rajab. It celebrates the Prophet Muhammad's sacred Midnight Journey in which he traveled from the Kaba in Mecca to the holiest site of the Israelites in Jerusalem being the site of the former Solomonic Temple. It was from this exact location that he ascended beyond the 7th heaven. In honor of this purifying ascension, the Caliph Omar built what with later renovations became known as the Dome of the Rock Mosque(Qubbat Al-Sukhra) or Beyt Maqdis the latter being the same as the Hebrew Beyt Migdash meaning the Holy Temple. On Al-Isra the Children of Israel recite the 17th Surah of the Qaran entitled AL-ISRA which is often translated as Israelites. By tradition the recitation of the 17th Surah takes place at an elevated location in rememberance of the Prophet Muhammad's Holy Ascension.
4. LAYL AL-QADYR
The Fourth Israelite observance of the year takes place on the 23rd day of the 9th month of Ramadzan. It is called Layl Al- Qadyr meaning the Night of Power! The Quran states that Layl Al-Qadyr is greater than a Thousand Months. This refers to the fact that that on Layl Al-Qadyr all of the knowledge of the Holy Quran was divinely sealed within the Prophet. The Israelites Fast on this day to acknowledge the Giving of the Quranic revelation. The 97th Surah of the Holy Quran entitled Layl Al-Qadr is recited in the evening. Although the Islamic Israelites are no longer bound by the obligation of the Ramadzan Fast many will out of respect observe the Ramadzan Fast for 8 consecutive days from the 24rd of Ramadzan through the 30th day of the same month. This is then immediately followed by the New Moon Fast of Shawwal and the Eid Al-Fitr celebration.
5.EID AL-FITR -
Eid Al-Fitr is a celebration marking the end of the Month of Ramadzan. It immediately follows a New Moon Purification Fast which separates the Ramadzan from Eid Al-Fitr. Eid Al-Fitr is a new beginning and reinforced commitment and dedication to following the Holy Quran and recognizing it as the only uncorrupted and authoritative Divine Revelation in existence.
6. THE FAST OF MORIAH
The Fast of Moriah takes place on the 9th day of the 12th month of Zulhijjah. It commemorates Abraham's purification in preparation for the three day journey to Mount Moriah where he was commanded to sacrifice his son Isaac. During this observance events leading up to Abraham's journey are discussed. This includes Abraham's refusal to bow down to the Fireworshipping idols of Nimrod and his willingness to endure the fiery furnace which challenged his faith and resistance. All of which leads to Abraham's commisioning in the Order of Melchizadok and the 8th Day Covenant which is now symbolized by the 8th pointed Star or Shield of Abraham as it also known. It was Abraham who placed the 8 pointed Shield over Mount Moriah(Jerusalem)from which it is now known as the Star of Jerusalem or Najmat Qudds.
7. EID AL-ADHA
This Israelite holy observance takes place on the 12th day of the 12th month of Zulhijjah and is known as The Feast of Eid Al-Adha. Eid Al-Adha honors Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son Isaac on Mount Moriah. The 12th day of the 12th month is the third day of Eid Al-Adha and represents Abraham and Isaac's 3 day journey to Mount Moriah. It was on the third day that they reached the sacred Mount and Abraham attempted the sacrifice which was halted by an Angel of the Lord. A ram was then sacrificed in his stead. Just prior to the 3 days of Eid Al-Adha a Fast is observed on the 9th day of the 12th month and is known as the Fast of Moriah. On Eid Al-Adha the miraculous birth of Isaac is discussed and his significance as the intended sacrifice and focus of the eternal 8th day covenant is taught.
8. EID AL GHADEER
Eid Al-Ghadeer is observed on the 18th day of the 12th month of Zulhijjah. It is the affirmation that Ali was the rightful inheritor of the Caliph Post. However the post was rightfully occupied by Abu Bakr and Umar who held the posts until Ali obtained the Quranic age of maturity which is 40 years old. It was Uthman, and the Sufyani Caliphs who usurped the rightful inheritance of Ali. The observance commemorates the Prophet Muhammad's commisioning of Ahl Beyt at the Pond of Khum where he declared the " Two Weighty Things " being the command to remain loyal to the Holy Quran and the House of Ali:
" I have left you with something if you strictly adhere you shall never go astray: The Book of Allah and my Progeny."
This is all known as the Perfecting of the Religion(Ikmal Al-Din)
......This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favor on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion.......
On Eid Al-Ghadeer it is customary to go to a Pond, Lake or River and recite Al-Thaqalayn and Surah 5:3 in memory of the Prophet Muhammad's decrees at the Pond of Khum
The 7 verses of Ali are recited on this day.
THE SÛRATU’L WALÂYAH Seven verses. In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Gracious. (1) O ye who have believed, believe in the Prophet and in the Governor [Al Waliyy.], both of whom We have raised up (sent): they shall guide you to a right way. (2) A Prophet and a Governor are one of the two of them from another, and I am the Knower, the Well-Informed. (3) Verily those who faithfully perform God’s covenant, to them belong the Gardens of Delight. (4) And those who, when Our verses are recited to them, have accounted Our verses lies, (5) Verily to them belongeth in hell a great place, when it is proclaimed to them on the day of the Resurrection, ‘Where are the wrongdoers, those who account the Messengers liars?’ ( 6) He created them not, the Messengers, except in the truth; and God was not about to manifest them until an appointed time near at hand. (7) And laud thou in the praise of thy Lord, and ‘Alî is [one] of the witnesses.