Karaite Israelite Mosque of Ascension

  KARAITE ISRAELITE MOSQUE OF ASCENSION




KARAITE ISRAELITE MOSQUE OF ASCENSION


 AND THE TEMPLE OF KEDAR MINISTRIES


(The Original Kedar-Rite of the Karaim)


QARAY - KARAITES  قريظة



ASHURA IS NOT YOM KIPPUR


ASHURA THE DAY OF THE PASSOVER LAMB:

(ASHURA IS NOT YOM KIPPUR)

 Ashura means Ten and refers to the 10th day of the 1st Spring Month. This was the day in which the Children of Israel were commanded to select the Passover Lamb.

EXODUS 12:2-3
This month shall be unto you the Beginning of Months: it shall be the First month of the year to you. Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying , In the Tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:

 The Passover Lamb would become the symbol of Israelite deliverance from Egyptian bondage. It was on the evening of the Exodus that the Israelites slaughtered the Passover Lamb and placed its blood on the doorposts of their homes. The Blood of the Passover Lamb not only served as a sign of distinction and separation from the Egyptians but it protected them from the Angel of Death who was assigned to kill all of the Firstborn sons of Egypt. Seeing the Blood of the Lamb, the Angel of Death would "Passover" the homes of the Israelites and thus the commemoration of this event became known as Passover and the Lamb of deliverance and distinction would be remembered as the Passover Lamb.

EXODUS 12:13
And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

Selecting a Passover Lamb was a command that was only incumbent upon the contemporary generation that experienced the Exodus. However in remembrance of this iconic event the Children of Israel would Fast on the day of Ashura. When the Prophet Muhammad arrived in Medina he became aware of this practice.

ASHURA
Upon arriving in Medina, The Prophet Muhammad noticed the Israelites observing a sacred fast known as Ashura. When he asked them as to why they were fasting they responded by stating that they were fasting in commemoration of the Prophet Moses delivering the Israelites from Egyptian bondage. The Prophet Muhammad not only approved of the Israelites fasting on Ashura but he declared the fast to be a mandatory obligation incumbent upon all Muslims.


Bukhari Volume 3, Book 31, Number 222:

Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet came to Medina and saw the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. He asked them about that. They replied, "This is a good day, the day on which Allah rescued Bani Israel from their enemy. So, Moses fasted this day." The Prophet said, "We have more claim over Moses than you." So, the Prophet fasted on that day and ordered (the Muslims) to fast (on that day).

KNOWLEDGEABLE AND DEVOUT JEWS MAINTAIN THE FAST OF ASHURA (TENTH OF NISSAN) WHICH THEY CALL THE FAST OF MIRIAM.

"When Miriam passed away, the waters in the well ceased:"And Miriam died there and was buried there. And there was no water for the congregation... (Numbers, 20:1,2)". The day of Miriam's passing became a fast day for all generations, in memory of this righteous woman


https://www.chabad.org/…/1694/jewish/The-Tenth-of-Nissan.htm


Miriam the Sister of Moses and Aaron died on Ashura and thus the Fast of Ashura also became known as the Fast of Miriam.

JEWS REMEMBER THE EVENTS THAT ASSOCIATED ASHURA (THE TENTH OF NISSAN) WITH THE DELIVERANCE OF THE ISRAELITES FROM EGYPT ON SHABBAT HAGADOL WHILE LEAVING THE FASTING ON THE DATE OF ASHURA.

 Although the Torah mentions the date of Ashura (10th day of the 1st month) as being significant in relation to events surrounding the Passover Lamb and the Exodus, Rabbinical Jews chose to stress the Day of the original Ashura (which happen to fall on a Sabbath) as the yearly memorial and thus they transitioned the observance to the First Sabbath before Passover. They refer to this Sabbath as Shabbat HaGadol. However the obligation of Fasting (of which they refer to as the Fast of Miriam) remains consistent with the date of Ashura being the 10th day of the 1st Spring Month.


SHABBAT HAGADOL VS ASHURA - THE TENTH OF NISSAN

"WHY WE CELEBRATE SHABBAT HAGADOL INSTEAD OF THE 10TH OF NISSAN"

Why do we commemorate the miracle on the Shabbat before Passover rather than on the tenth of Nissan, the date on which it actually took place? We see that the Torah itself mentions only the date rather than the day of the week."


https://www.chabad.org/holidays/passover/pesach_cdo/aid/1692/jewish/Shabbat-Hagadol.htm


YOM KIPPUR IS NOT DEFINED IN RELATION TO MOSES AND THE EXODUS:

As mentioned above and in accordance with that which is confirmed in the Hadith of Bukhari, Ashura was clearly DEFINED in relation to the Day Moses delivered the Israelites from Egyptian bondage. This is the essence of Passover and all that is observed in the Spring Month of Nissan. The Passover Lamb was selected and slaughtered exclusively in relation to the Exodus.

Yom Kippur is NOT DEFINED as the Day of Exodus but is rather DEFINED as the Day of Atonemet It was in the Spring Month of Nissan that Moses delivered the Israelites from Egyptian bondage. The Exodus took place in the Spring Month of Nissan not in Tishrei the Month in which Yom Kippur is observed.


ASHURA AND THE PROPHET JOSHUA

As a direct result of the transition of Prophetic authority from that of Moses to Joshua the significance of Ashura was intensely magnified. Under the authority of the Prophet Moses Ashura was remembered exclusively in association with the Israelite Exodus from Egypt. However under the authority of the Prophet Joshua it was also honored as the date in which the Israelites miraculously crossed the Jordan River:

When Joshua inherited prophetic authority from Moses he was given a duplicate miracle in relation to parting the Red Sea and thus he crossed the Jordan in the same manner . The date Joshua miraculously Crossed the Jordan was the 10th day of the 1st month being the Day of Ashura.


JOSHUA 4:23
For the Lord your God dried up the waters of the Jordan from before you until ye had passed over, as the Lord your God did to the Red Sea, which He dried up from before us until we had gone over,...

The Book of Joshua states that Ashura being the 10th day of the 1st month is the day in which the Prophet Joshua and the Israelites miraculously crossed the Jordan River.


JOSHUA 4:14-19 
On that day the LORD magnified Joshua in the sight of all Israel; and they feared him, as they feared Moses, all the days of his life. And the LORD spake unto Joshua, saying , Command the priests that bear the ark of the testimony, that they come up out of Jordan. Joshua therefore commanded the priests, saying , Come ye up out of Jordan. And it came to pass, when the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD were come up out of the midst of Jordan, and the soles of the priests' feet were lifted up unto the dry land, that the waters of Jordan returned unto their place, and flowed over all his banks, as they did before. And the people came up out of Jordan on the TENTH DAY of the FIRST MONTH...,

ASHURA IS NOT YOM KIPPUR:

 Ashura is clearly observed in accordance with its numerical day and date being the 10th day of the 1st month. Tishrei the month in which Yom Kippur is observed is not the 1st month on the Jewish calendar but the 7th. In fact the Torah commands that the First Spring Month of Nissan be recognized as the Beginning of Months.


EXODUS 12:2-3
This month(Nissan) shall be unto you the BEGINNING OF MONTHS: it shall be the First month of the year to you. Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying , In the Tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:


 Therefore Ashura could not have possibly been an observance designated for the Month of Tishrei which is the 7th month. Despite the fact that Rosh Hashannah (which is the New Year of Creation) is observed on the 1st of Tishrei it is still not the 1st month as the Torah clearly distinguishes between Rosh Hashannah being the Head of the Year and Rosh Chodeshim which is the Head of the Months. The First Spring Month of Nissan is clearly designated as the 1st of the months. Nissan's appointed as the 1st of the month was in relation to the Israelites being delivered from Egyptian Bondage which as confirmed in the Sahih hadiths of Bukhari and Muslim is the reason that Ashura is observed.


The Israelites were delivered from Egyptian bondage in the Spring Month of Nissan and it was for this very reason that Nissan was commanded to be recognized as the Beginning of months.


EXODUS 23:15
You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread. As I commanded you, you shall eat unleavened bread for seven days at the appointed time in the SPRING month of NISSAN( Abib,) FOR IN IT YOU CAME OUT OF EGYPT


 In summary the Israelites came out of Egypt in the Spring Month of Nissan and for this very reason it was to be recognized as the 1st numerical month on the Israelite Calendar. Ashura is an observance which honors the Israelite Exodus from Egypt and is numerically appointed for observance in the 1st month. When the Prophet Muhammad came to Medina in the Month of Rabi-Al-Awwal he observed the Jews Fasting on Ashura. The name of the Month Rabi-Al-Awwal literally means the First Spring Month. At the time of the Hijra the Pure lunar Calendar was not yet implemented and in this regard the months were consistently aligned with the seasons. As indicated by its name Rabi-Al-Awwal literally means the First Spring Month.


THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD WAS BORN IN THE SPRING SEASON IN THE MONTH OF RABI-AL-AWWAL. THE NAME RABI-AL-AWWAL MEANS THE FIRST SPRING MONTH AND WAS ALIGNED TO THE SPRING SEASON.

 The alignment between the Month of Rabi-Al-Awwal and the Spring Season is further reinforced in the fact that the Prophet Muhammad was known to have been born in the Month of Rabi-Al-Awwal in the Spring Season.

THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD WAS BORN ON THE 20TH OF NISSAN(RABI-AL-AWWAL) DURING THE FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD.

Al-Suhaylī has reported that his birth, peace be upon him, was on 20 Nissan.

وَذَكَرَ السُّهَيْلِيُّ أَنَّ مَوْلِدَهُ عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ كَانَ فِي الْعِشْرِينَ مِنْ نِيسَانَ.

wadhakar alssuhayli 'ann mawlidah ealayh alssalat walssalam kan fi aleishrin min nisana


 The implementation of the Pure Lunar Calendar totally detached the months from the Seasons. However the calendar shift did not take place until sometime after the Hijra. This means that when the Prophet Muhammad came to Medina in the Month of Rabi-Al-Awwal the month was still in its Spring Seasonal alignment. This of course indicates that Ashura was being observed in the Spring Month of Nissan in accordance with its understood meaning in relation to the Israelite Exodus from Egypt.


 When the Non-Seasonal Lunar Calendar was implemented the 1st month of Rabi-Al-Awwal became the 3rd month and the 11th month of Muharram became the 1st Month. In this regard Ashura was now observed in the 10th day of the 1st Month of Muharram. This demonstrates how important it was for Ashura to be observed in the 1st Month. Since Rabi-Al-Awwal was no longer to be considered as the 1st Month it could no longer be the Month of Ashura. The obvious and overwhelming significance of observing Ashura in the numerical 1st month can be traced back to the command from God to recognize Nissan as the 1st numerical month which was the month in which Ashura was observed.

WEDDINGS ARE NOT PERMITTED ON YOM KIPPUR:

THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD MARRIED KHADIJAH ON ASHURA.


  It is understood that the Pre-Islamic Quraysh observed Ashura. The Prophet Muhammad was married to his first wife Khadijah on the 10th of Rabi-Al-Awwal. This was the date of the original Ashura. If the Quraysh observed Ashura as Yom Kippur then the Prophet Muhammad would not have married Khadijah on this date as weddings are not permitted on Yom Kippur. However there is no marital restriction on the 10th of Nissan which was the day in which the Passover Lamb was selected.. Therefore it is clear that at the time of the Prophet Muhammad the Quraysh did not observe Ashura in relation to Yom Kippur.


The Quraysh entirely lost the meaning of Ashura as the Prophet Muhammad only became aware of its meaning when he arrived in Medina on the Hijra. It was through the Jews of Medina that he came to understand that Ashura was observed in relation to Moses delivering the Israelites from Egypt. In response to this understanding he declared it a mandatory Fast for all Muslims.


ASHURA SUNRISE TO SUNSET FAST: THIS IS NOT YOM KIPPUR


 When the Prophet Muhammad adopted the Fast of Ashura he clearly implemented it as a Sunrise to Sunset Fast. Yom Kippur is a 24 hour Fast as it is observed by Jews from Sundown to Sundown. However Jewish Fasting on the 10th of Nissan which became known to them as the Fast of Miriam is observed from Sunrise to Sunset. This clearly reinforces the obvious understanding that Ashura was observed on the 10th of Nissan which corresponded to the 10th of Rabi-Al-Awwal.


The Prophet Muhammad even instructed his followers to add another day to the Ashura Fast. This added day could either be the day before or the day after. If Ashura was Yom Kippur the Prophet Muhammad would have been declaring Ashura to be a 48 hour Fast. There Prophet Muhammad never commanded such a burdensome thing.


 It is also known that the Jews in Arabia during the time of the Prophet Muhammad were Priestly Sadducees and they observed Yom Kippur for Two Days..The Prophet Muhammad commanded a second day observance be added to Ashura to differentiate Muslims from the one day observance of the Jews. This of course makes it clear that Yom Kippur was not Ashura. Making Yom Kippur a two day observance would have made the observance identical to that of the Jews and this would have defeated the purpose of the second day as explained in the hadith


Ibn abbas says the prophet (pbuh) said fast on the day of Ashura and do other than what Jews do, (so) fast a day before or after it (as well Ahmad 2154)


The commentaries on Yoma 81b write that the Sadducees, who take everything literally, interpreted "On the ninth of the month at the evening" to mean that one should fast on the ninth as well as the tenth. So they fasted two days on Yom Kippur...

YOM KIPPUR IS NOT DEFINED IN RELATION TO MOSES AND THE EXODUS:


As mentioned above and in accordance with that which is confirmed in the Hadith of Bukhari, Ashura was clearly DEFINED in relation to the Day Moses delivered the Israelites from Egyptian bondage. This is the essence of Passover and all that is observed in the Spring Month of Nissan. The Passover Lamb was selected and slaughtered exclusively in relation to the Exodus.


Yom Kippur is NOT DEFINED as the Day of Exodus but is rather DEFINED as the Day of Atonemet It was in the Spring Month of Nissan that Moses delivered the Israelites from Egyptian bondage not in Tishrei the Month in which Yom Kippur is observed.


HOSSEIN IS THE PASSOVER LAMB:

The name Hossein is Hebrew in origin and refers to the Priestly Breastplate of Aaron known as Hoshen. The Prophet Muhammad even stated that he named Hossein in relation to one of the Sons of Aaron. The Prophet Muhammad also compared his relationship to Ali as being likened unto that of Moses and Aaron. According to this theological similie Ali the father of Hossein is equated with the High Priest Aaron. Interestingly Ali like a hereditary Priest was born in the Kaaba. The name Hossein does not appear among the Pre-Islamic Quraysh in Arabia.


 However the first Israelite to accept the Prophet Muhammad upon his glorious entry into Medina was a descendant of the Prophet Joseph named Hossein Ibn Salaam. He was known to be the wisest teacher of the Torah. The Prophet Muhammad changed his name to Abdallah Ibn Salaam. The coming together of Hossein Ibn Salaam and the Prophet Muhammad was one of the two great signs of Israelite restoration that was given during the Hijra. The Second Sign of Israelite restoration was Ashura. When the Prophet Muhammad came to Medina he observed the Jews fasting on Ashura. When they informed him that it was a Fast of Moses that honored the Exodus from Egypt the Prophet Muhammad declared Ashura to be a mandatory fast incumbent upon all Muslims. Therefore the two signs of Israelite restoration were that of HOSSEIN and ASHURA.


When the Prophet Muhammad's grandson HOSSEIN was killed on ASHURA it was a sign that the Israelites were now being released into the Wilderness of Ishmael. Hossein who was killed on the day commemorating the selection of the Passover Lamb now serves as the Passover Lamb for the New Israel.